DeirEzzor – Sound and Picture

In the land of caliphate, we rarely see or hear about a woman that works or has her own job as we used to see in the free army and even the regime times, there is no role for women more than staying in her house which became her prison with a few privileges. Women now are forbidden to work among men, although they used to have a big role working in hospitals, universities, companies, service departments and others.

Under IS control all jobs and professions are forbidden to women except for working under its banner. As the door is open for women to join Khansaa and to be recruited into IS ranks in Deir Ezzor for a monthly salary.

Fatwas of prohibition for more restrictions

Um Khaled, former employee in a service department from Deir Ezzor, said to “Sound and Picture”: “Since the beginning of IS control over Deir Ezzor, IS imposed several restrictions to prevent women from pursuing their work and their various activities and it issued many fatwas that prohibit women of work, under the pretext of socializing with men. “

IS relied on several practices to add more restrictions such as imposing Sharia Dress and forbidding women from moving without a male guardian as well as punishing all who violate its laws with financial penalties and even flogging and arresting.

Um Khaled also said: “In Deir Ezzor and its countryside, there were hundreds of women worked in various kind of jobs, most notably in health and education area, As they suites women and the nature of the eastern conservative society the most. IS killed any opportunity for women to play a role in life rather than staying home, arguing that working is “haram” and it’s not permissible in Islam. Not taking into account that the majority of employees dependent on their salaries to support their families or to build their own future businesses. The consequences of such practices was immediate and negative and reflected a lot of families in IS controlled areas and this is what IS aspires As “just like the Regime” IS follows the policy of starvation for subjugation, to create an ignorant society that easy to be controlled.

Khansaa Battalion to recruit women

Ziad Al-Fourati, “Sound and Picture” reporter in eastern countryside of Deir Ezzor, said: “After IS fully control over Deir Ezzor and its surroundings, it subsequently went to form security forces among of which was “Khansa battalion” which pursuits, arrests and punishes women as well as inspects women at checkpoints. In the other hand, Khansa battalion members – mostly the immigrant –  are also responsible of giving Sharia courses and Islam lectures for women at IS institutes.

Al-Fourati also said:” The most dangerous task carried out by “Khansaa” is to recruit more women in the battalion by telling them that refusing the recruitment means refusing IS presence, which leads to many charges may destroy their life.

IS in January of this year, has announced the formation of Khansaa battalion in Deir Ezzor . At the beginning, the battalion was few in numbers, mostly migrant and wives of IS Ansar .Some women have found that Joining “Khansaa” is the only chance to work as its financial payoff is quite acceptable considering the poverty and the hunger they suffer.

Shariaa courses and the search for the educated

Um Abdullah, a teacher from Albu Kamal city, said to “Sound and Picture”: “After IS opening Khansaa for enrollment, most of who joined was uneducated. However, after a while IS leaders insisted on recruiting only the educated ones especially among the former female employees in regime and free army institutions”.

“recently IS imposed Istitaba courses “Repentance courses” on all former female employees under the pretext of correcting their corrupted doctrine and teaching them the assets of true Islam, but during the last days of this course we noticed a big promotion by Khansaa migrant members, who are responsible for the legitimacy lessons, to join the battalion”, said Um Abdalla.

Umm Abdullah also said: “Um Hajar the Tunisian, the responsible of Sharia classes, told us that we have to join Khansaa battalion because it is the duty of all Muslim women who support the establishment of Caliphate State, and that IS is in a great need to recruit educated women according to their desire, whether Diwan of Education or Diwan of Health, for a monthly salary of 100 to $ 200 for each. She also talked about the great IS members demand to marry Khansaa Syrian women “Alansariat” especially the educated ones and willing to pay more money for that.

Till this day, Khansaa leaders keep on pursuing educated women in Deir Ezzor and its surroundings and trying to recruit them by temptations of money, power and prestige. However, this attempts did not find acceptance among women who have undergone Sharia courses, despite the extreme poverty and the urgent need for the salary given to Khansaa members.

About The Author


Sound and Picture organization: We are a group of Syrian human rights activists. We noticed the lack of bodies which document abuses against civilians inside Syria, therefore we decided to establish this project, it is specialized to document the violations which have committed by all sides in the ongoing conflict in Syria against civilians in a professional way. The organization is documenting all kinds of violations, and working on the accounting for the groups which committed these violations by the international community. The organization is completely independent, and does not follow any political or military bodies, whether inside or outside Syria.

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