Deir Ezzor – Sound and Picture
- the regime control period:
This period went through two stages: the first stage was at the beginning of the revolution in March 2011. The displacement rate at this stage did not exceed 1% consisting of those who were wanted by the regime at that time. These percentage increased in certain occasions (such as regime bombardment of Deir Ezzor City and Albu Kamal) reaching 20%. Of the population.
The second stage synchronized with the start of armed movement against the regime forces to Liberate Deir Ezzor. The displacement movement included major cities such as (Abu Kamal -Almayadeen – Deir Ezzor). As the geographic extent of clashes extended, the displacement rate increased reaching 90% in some cities in which IDP’s moved to other cities, villages and rural towns away from clashes. Some families moved to other regime-controlled neighborhoods in Deir Ezzor; while others moved from Albu Kamal towards Iraq. However, after Deir Ezzor‘s countryside had been entirely liberated by armed factions, most of the displaced people returned to their homes except for a small percentage of those whose cities were located within the reach of regime artillery.
- The armed factions control period:
After the countryside had been entirely liberated by the armed factions, most of the displaced people returned to their homesexcept for a small percentage of those whose cities are located within regime artillery range or in towns surrounding Deir Ezzor airport, due to continuous clashes there. The displacement movement rates remained low and relatively stable for a while. Numbers increased again to reach 90% after the attack of Islamic factions on Masrab and Kesra in Deir Ezzor western countryside as a respond to the killing of one of their members. The same happened in Shoula in the northern countryside due to violent clashes between the regime forces and armed opposition Brigades.
- IS control period:
At the beginning of the clashes there had been few displacement movements except for areas correspondent to the line of clashes between the armed opposition and IS. However, when IS managed to take control of Deir Ezzor and major cities, the numbers increased reaching 15% of families who had their children fighting in the armed opposition. Numbers, again, increased significantly to become 30% due to the displacement of “Alshaitat clan” which were forced to leave their villages. The displacement became qualitative after youth displacement movement that reached 40% due to the tightening, executions, arrests that IS practiced on them. This provoked young people to migrate either towards Turkey or Europe, or to move to Kalamoun to join armed factions in some.