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In Deir Ezzor, unlike what is being said about middle eastern world, women were not only ” housewives” who get married and rise children. quite the contrary, before the revolution the women have their part in the community, as they were present in most service and functional institutions of privet and governmental sectors.
During the start of the revolutionary civil and service work through “local councils” and other organizations, the role of women renewed and expanded to represent a prominent rule in the revolution.
the great tragedy was when IS neutralized the women’s role, depriving most of their rights in its cruel and unjust laws and legislations.
Um Qusay, a female teacher in one of the schools in the east countryside of Dier Ezzor, said: “Despite the fact that we are an eastern community and we have our traditions but that did not stop us to be present in many jobs and various service organizations earlier, even in revolutionary and civil service during the years of the revolution. Women have played an important role in life. She was the mother, the doctor, the director, the engineer, the lawyer, the farmer and the student. There were no restrictions on our activities or our work as long as it is commensurate with our society customs, of course. In general we were present in most life aspects. After the liberation of a large part of Dier Ezzor and the control of the FSA and the formation of local councils, the revolutionary service institutions and relief organizations have increased work opportunities. However, we were on the level of responsibility and we participated in different areas such as medicine and education. FSA did not impose during its control any unfair and unjust laws, it didn’t deprive us from our rights. per contra, the women gave the most sacrifices as she lost her “son, brother, father and husband” during the military operations and the arbitrary arrests of the regime or al-Baghdadi soldiers”.
Samar, a university student from the eastern countryside of Dier Ezzor said: “After the IS control of our areas, IS began to restrict our role, me and my colleagues, from different parts of the countryside, had a dream to complete our studies and work according to our specialties. This also was the dream of our parents. The university and the educational institutes are located in the regime controlled areas, none of the free army or anyone prevented us from going to university and pursue our education during the first years of the revolution, in spite of some of the risks that were due to the random arrests and clashes. Later, after the control of IS it didn’t prevent us directly in the beginning. Instead, IS barriers checked on “make-up, scarves and decorations”, then the emphasis began after the completion of its control over the whole region, imposing more laws and legislations. Such as wearing black colors “Abaya and veil”, while allowing us to continue to go to university in the regime controlled areas. But after a while, IS issued a “fatwa” prohibited studying or teaching the curriculum of the Regime and prevented us from going to schools and universities, on the grounds that there are no separated classes for males and females and that the Regime control areas are areas of “heresy and apostasy”, To kill , as a result, all our hopes in future. IS deprived us of our simplest rights”.
Rami Fourati, one of the activist in Dier Ezzor said: “IS and its members throng on women, it deprived them their daily and simple rights. IS has committed numerous violations of the women rights in Deir Ezzor and its countryside, including “preventing women from working in education, health and other public service departments under the pretext that they mingle with men in such jobs. IS also arrested many women under the pretext of violating some regulation laws, and exposed them to various sanctions such as “whipping or biting” by “Khansaa” battalions’ women. Moreover, IS imposed ” niqab and abaya” on all women, even on farmers who work in their home fields, prevented them from traveling without a male relative “Mohram” and even prevented them from buying or dealing with men in the markets , and many other laws that caused women’s rights deprivation. IS neutralized her role in society like they were created to be mere housewives.